Diagnosing and Treating Shin Splints

Shin Splint is pain along your shin bone or tibia. You feel the pain anywhere from your knee to your ankles. Shin Splint is also known as medial tibial stress syndrome. Shin Splint is a common injury for dancers, athletes, and army recruits. It occurs when athletes change or intensify their routines. The pain is caused because of inflammation in the muscles, tendons, and bone tissue along your shin bone.  

The pain can be intense or dull. It usually subsidizes after rest and ice or stretching. You should avoid overdoing your exercise routine to prevent recurrent injury. 

There are two regions where you can suffer from shin splints are:-

  • Anterior Shin Splints (anterior tibial stress syndrome (ATSS) is in front of your tibia. The tibialis anterior muscle is injured. These muscles can use to lift and lower your foot. If the pain increases when you lift off your toes and keep your heels on the ground you possibly have an ATSS.
  • Posterior Shin Splints (medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is on the inside rear of the shinbone. Your tibialis posterior muscle is injured. When the tibialis posterior is fragile, the foot arch collapses create torsional shin bone stress. If the inside rear of the shinbone is painful, you may have an MTSS and tibial stress fracture. 

Symptoms 

The pain split is usually along the border of the tibia. You may experience mild swelling. Symptoms of shin splint are:-

  • The pain may be dull, sharp, and throbbing.
  • Occur during or after exercise
  • Pain increases when touching the sore spots.

The pain may stop after you stop working out. Book an orthopedic doctor in Nasik if the pain does not ease after rest and ice and OTC pain medication.

Causes

Shin splints are caused by repetitive movements that stress the shinbone and the connective tissues that attach to your bones. The injury occurs after sudden changes in physical activity. An intense workout such as long-distance running or running up a hill can cause the injury. Other causes of shin splints are tendonitis, periosteal remodeling, and muscle dysfunction. Other factors that can increase the risk of injury are having a flat foot and exercising with improper footwear. Runners, dancers, and military recruits are at a higher risk of getting shin splints.

Diagnosis

The best orthopedic doctor in Nasik will conduct a thorough physical examination. During the examination, they will examine your lower leg and put gentle pressure over the tibia. The injury will have swelling, redness, and poor pulse. They may order an x-ray to rule out a stress fracture. The doctor may order additional tests such as bone scans and MRI. 

Treatment

The best orthopedic doctor in Nasik you can treat shin splint will advise you to rest, ice, and gradually returning to activity. Gradually increase your level of activity. The doctor may prescribe painkillers. They may ask you to visit a physiotherapist in Nasik who teaches you to exercise to help you recover safely. 

Shin Splints is preventable if you:-

  • Remember to warm-up exercises. It is important to stretch your calves and hamstrings.
  • Gradually increase your level of activity.
  • Try to exercise on softer surfaces and avoid hard surfaces such as concrete. 
  • Buy athletic shoes that support your foot properly. If you have foot arches, you can use arch support. Shock-absorbing insoles are recommended.
  • Add strengthen training to strengthen the foot and arch of your foot. Strengthening your hip muscles also prevents injury.

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